Ennio Morricone was born in Rome on 10.11.1928. His long artistic career includes a wide range of composition genres, from absolute music, which he has always produced, to applied music, working as orchestrator as well as conductor in the recording field, and then as a composer for theatre, radio and cinema. In 1946 Ennio received his trumpet diploma and got his first job as orchestrator for the varieté theatre; in 1947 he was employed as composer for theatre music; in 1953 he made his first orchestration for a radio programme. In 1954 he received his diploma in Composition at the Conservatory under the guidance of Goffredo Petrassi. He wrote his first concert works at the end of the Fifties. In 1958 was employed as musical assistant by RAI but he resigned on the first day of work.
He started his career as film music composer in 1961 with the film “Il Federale” directed by Luciano Salce. He became famous worldwide with Sergio Leone’s westerns: A Fistful Of Dollars (1964); For A Few Dollars More (1965); The Good, The Bad And The Ugly (1966), Once Upon A Time In The West (1968) and A Fistful Of Dynamite (1971).
In 1965 Morricone joined the group of improvisation “Nuova Consonanza”; in 1984 with other composers founded in Rome the I.R.TE.M (Institute of Research for the Musical Theatre). In the growing music industry he has brought the figure of the arranger to quality levels hitherto unthinkable, contributing significantly to the success of many singers.
Since 1960, Morricone has scored over 450 films working with many Italian and international directors such as Sergio Leone, Gillo Pontecorvo, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Bernardo Bertolucci, Giuliano Montaldo, Lina Wertmuller, Giuseppe Tornatore, Brian De Palma, Roman Polanski, Warren Beatty, Adrian Lyne, Oliver Stone, Margarethe Von Trotta, Henry Verneuil, Pedro Almodovar and Roland Joffè.
His most famous films include (other than the Italian westerns): The Battle of Algiers; Sacco and Vanzetti; Cinema Paradiso; 1900; Malena; The Untouchables; Once Upon A Time in America; The Mission; U-Turn; The Unknown Woman; and The Best Offer. His absolute music production includes over 100 pieces composed since 1946 to this day such as Concerto per Orchestra n.1 (1957); Frammenti di Eros (1985); Cantata per L’Europa (1988); UT, per tromba, archi e percussioni (1991); Ombra di Lontana Presenza (1997); Voci dal Silenzio (2002); Sicilo ed altri Frammenti (2006); Vuoto D’Anima Piena (2008); Una Messa (2013).
In the 2001, Ennio Morricone started an intense concert activity, conducting his film music and concert works for symphony orchestra and polyphonic choir in more than 100 concerts in Europe, Asia, USA, Central and South America. Ennio Morricone has conducted many orchestras worldwide, including the orchestra of the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia in many symphonic seasons. He has also conducted the Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir of La Scala, the orchestra of the Teatro dell’Opera di Roma, the Orchestra of the Opera theatre of Budapest, the Symphonic Bulgarian Orchestra, the Orchestra Nacional de España (ONE), the Orchestra and choir of the Spanish radio-television, the National Orchestra of Brazil, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra and the London Symphony Orchestra among others. Furthermore, he regularly works with the Roma Sinfonietta Orchestra for many concerts in Italy and abroad as for the recording of film music.
On the 2nd of February 2007, Maestro Morricone with the Roma Sinfonietta Orchestra conducted a major concert at the United Nations General Assembly to celebrate the appointment of the new UN General Secretary, Ban Ki-moon.
In his long career, Ennio Morricone has received several awards and recognition among which eleven Nastri D’argento (Silver Ribbon), four Baftas, five Oscar Nominations, ten David Di Donatello, three Golden Globes, two Grammy Awards, the European Film Award, the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement and the Honorary Oscar. In the 2009 the President of the French Republic, Nicolas Sarkozy, has signed a decree appointing M° Ennio Morricone to the rank of Knight in the Order of the Legion of Honor. In the recording field, Morricone has received 27 Gold and 7 Platinum Records. The soundtrack from the film The Good, The Bad and The Ugly has been included in the list of inductees for the Grammy Hall of Fame 2009. In 2010 he is awarded with the Polar Music Prize. Since 1996 Ennio Morricone is a Standing Academic Auditor of the National Academy of Santa Cecilia.